Just to give you an idea of how to construct your sentences in an expository essay, below is an extract on the introductory section of a write up titled ‘Failure of state administration’ by Bamidele Ayo in his book Public Administration and the Conduct of Community Affairs Among the Yoruba in Nigeria:
One way of measuring the success or failure of governments in modern societies is to assess how far such governments go in developing or failing to develop the conditions for satisfying the basic needs of the people they govern. ———– The form of governance in Africa is largely centralised. This manifests itself not only in the political and administrative realms, but also in the allocation, distribution and utilization of human, financial, and material resources. National governments have also intruded, in one way or the other, in the activities of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including religious organizations. All efforts to decentralize decision making power, and allocation and distribution of resources, have been frustrated by central governments in Africa.
State control of national resources and monopoly of decision making power has retarded socioeconomic development (Adedeji). Most of Africa’s population live below the poverty line. A pervasive intervention of the state in the management of national economies in the post-independence African states remains the source of the tragedies which contemporary Africa is forced to live with ( Musa-Nda 3-5).
Yet many social scientists drawn from Africa and the western countries have influenced and supported this centralized approach to governance and social and economic development in Africa. Some of these authors include Aboyade, Apter, Esman, Huntington, and Mabogunje (1980). We shall return to this point later in this chapter. At the same time, there is a good number of other scholars from other disciplines, especially the broader humanities, who have challenged this approach.
These scholars see parallels to this centralized approach to constituting order in autocratic and exploitative regimes and in the pathologies of the Ancient Regime in France. Some of the noble critics of autocratic regimes in Africa (civilian and military regimes) include Wole Soyinka, Chinua Achebe, James Ngugi, Mongo Beti, Alexander Biyidiaka, Camera Lye, and Jack Mapanje, to mention just a few. These and other critics have through their literary writings launched persistent attacks on the autocratic regimes in Africa.
(From Public Administration and the Conduct of Community Affairs BY Bamidele Ayo, PhD)
You will notice that the writer of the text above made reference to many scholars to substantiate his /her points about the governance in Africa. This is just the introductory part of the essay. The writer quoted authorities who have worked in this area of study along with the dates their works were published. He even referred to some of them as- noble critics.
All these are important in an expository kind of essay. It is a more serious essay than the argumentative essay. You will notice that we started from the narrative which is light, then, to descriptive which requires a lot of your attention, then, to argumentative which also requires your getting facts to support your point of view and lastly to expository which is a serious form of writing which needs documented facts at times. Not all of life would be on the light mood all the time; a few things could need some form of seriousness occasionally. As a result, you should get prepared for all forms of writings any time.
An expository essay is any type of essay or writing that is used to describe, explain or inform the reader on a specific or particular aspect of a topic. In this work, we have been able to discuss some of the strategies for writing expository essays. Your topic must be big enough to be discussed and narrow enough to be managed. Researching the topic and doing some form of classification of the content is important in writing expository essays. At one point in time or the other you may be required to dig out some facts about a situation and present in writing. At such a time, some of the points that have been highlighted in this unit may come in handy.
In this article you have learnt that:
- an expository essay is any type of essay or writing that is used to describe, explain or inform the reader on a specific or particular aspect of a topic.
- once you have a topic, you have to study the topic very well so that you will know if it requires a short response or a long one.
- organisation has to do with the arrangement of the work as a whole, the number of paragraphs, the points to discuss, the arrangement of the points.
- you need to research on the topic you want to write about
- expository essays in particular are meant to dig out facts about a situation or thing.
- you may need to consult books, dictionaries, encyclopaedias, internet etc as resource materials.